Bronchial asthma is a chronic respiratory condition characterized by inflammation and narrowing of the airways, leading to wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness, and coughing. This condition can be triggered by various factors, including allergens, exercise, and respiratory infections.

Asthma: Frequently Asked Questions (F.A.Q.)

Introduction: What is asthma?

Asthma is a chronic respiratory condition that affects the airways in the lungs. People with asthma experience inflammation and narrowing of the airways, which makes it difficult to breathe. This can result in symptoms such as coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness.

Q: What are the common symptoms of asthma?

A: The most common asthma symptoms include coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness. These symptoms may worsen at night or early in the morning and may be triggered by specific activities or environmental factors.

Q: How is asthma diagnosed?

To diagnose asthma, your doctor will perform a physical exam and ask about your symptoms and medical history. They may also order lung function tests, such as spirometry, to measure how well your lungs work. Allergy testing may also be recommended to identify any triggers for your asthma symptoms.

Q: What causes asthma?

A: The exact cause of asthma is unknown, but it is thought to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. People with a family history of asthma or allergies are more likely to develop asthma. Environmental factors such as air pollution, respiratory infections, and exposure to allergens or irritants can also contribute to the development of asthma.

Q: What are the triggers of asthma?

A: Common asthma triggers include allergens such as pollen, dust mites, and animal dander, as well as irritants such as cigarette smoke, air pollution, and strong odors. Exercise, cold air, and respiratory infections can also trigger asthma symptoms in some people.

Q: What are the different types of asthma medication?

A: There are several types of asthma medication, including bronchodilators, corticosteroids, and combination medications. Bronchodilators work by relaxing the muscles in the airways, while corticosteroids reduce inflammation in the airways. Combination medications contain both bronchodilators and corticosteroids.

Q: How do quick-relief and long-term control medications work?

A: Quick-relief medications, also known as rescue medications, are used to treat sudden asthma symptoms, and they work quickly to open the airways and relieve symptoms. Long-term control medications are taken regularly to prevent asthma symptoms and reduce inflammation in the airways.

Q: What are the potential side effects of asthma medications?

A: Common side effects of asthma medications include headache, nausea, and throat irritation. In rare cases, some medicines may cause more severe side effects, such as increased heart rate or high blood pressure.

Q: Are there non-medication treatment options for asthma?

A: In addition to medication, there are several non-medication treatment options for asthma. These include avoiding triggers, using a peak flow meter to monitor lung function, and receiving allergy shots or immunotherapy to reduce sensitivity to allergens.

Q: How can I manage my asthma daily?

A: To manage asthma daily, taking medication as your doctor prescribes and avoiding triggers that can worsen symptoms is essential. You should also monitor your lung function regularly and have a written asthma action plan in case of an asthma attack.

Q: What lifestyle changes can help with asthma management?

A: Making specific lifestyle changes can help with asthma management. These include quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy weight, and exercising regularly. It's also important to manage stress and get enough sleep.

Q: What should I do during an asthma attack?

A: During an asthma attack, staying calm and following your written asthma action plan is important. This may include using a quick-relief inhaler as directed by your doctor, sitting upright, and taking slow, deep breaths. If symptoms worsen or do not improve, seek emergency medical attention.

Q: What is the link between asthma and allergies?

A: Asthma and allergies are often linked. Allergic reactions can cause asthma symptoms, and people with asthma are more likely to have allergies. Common allergens that can trigger asthma symptoms include pollen, dust mites, pet dander, and mold.

Q: How can I manage my asthma if I have allergies?

A: If you have allergies, it's crucial to identify and avoid your triggers. This may include using allergy-proof covers on bedding, washing bedding, and stuffed animals regularly in hot water, and keeping the home free of dust and pet dander. Your doctor may also recommend allergy shots or medication to help manage symptoms.

Q: What are the unique considerations for children with asthma?

A: Children with asthma may have unique considerations, such as difficulty communicating symptoms, different medication dosages, and the need for special equipment. It's important to work closely with your child's doctor and develop an asthma action plan that considers these factors.

Q: How can I help my child manage their asthma?

A: You can help your child manage their asthma by teaching them how to recognize and communicate their symptoms, making sure they take their medication as prescribed, and keeping their environment free of triggers. It's also important to work with their school and childcare providers to ensure that they have access to their medication and that everyone knows what to do in case of an asthma attack.


Asthma is a chronic condition that can be managed with the help of medication, lifestyle changes, and avoidance of triggers. Regular monitoring and communication with your doctor can help you stay on top of your symptoms and prevent asthma attacks. With proper management, people with asthma can lead healthy, active lives.

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